Knitting Stitches Abbreviations
K=Knit, K1=Knit one stitch
P=Purl, P1=Purl one stitch
The yarn in the samples below are dyed using natural dyes from plants. The blues and reds in this yarn are dyes made from indigo and madder root. See more beautiful shades from
natural dyes here.
Or learn more about the
plants used in natural dyes.
Stockinette or Stocking Stitch
Row 1: Knit all stitches Row 2: Purl all stitches
This is the simple knit stitch. The next photo shows what it looks like on the reverse, or the purl side. Because it is different on each side and doesn't lie flat, it is not the best choice in knit scarf patterns or blankets but is commonly used for clothing.
Purl side of the Stockinette Stitch
Row 1: Knit all stitches Row 2: Knit all stitches
This is a great stitch for learning how to knit because it's continuous knit stitch on both sides ie. no purl stitch. It looks the same on both sides so can be used to knit a scarf or blanket.
K1 P1 Rib Stitch
Row 1: Knit 1, Purl 1 across Row 2: Knit into knitted stitches, Purl into purled stitches
This will look the same on both sides and will lie flat so great for scarves and blankets as well as sweaters, collars, cuffs and hats.
K2 P2 Rib Stitch
Row 1: Knit 2, Purl 2 Row 2: Knit into knit stitches, Purl into purl stitches
This is probably the most common of the rib knits. Like the rib stitch above, it looks the same on both sides. It has good stretch so is often used for sweater cuffs and hats as well as scarves. There are more variations such as Knit 2/Purl 1; Knit 3/Purl 3; Knit 3/Purl 2 and so on.
Row 1: Knit 1, Purl 1 Row 2: Knit into purl stitches, Purl into knit stitches (opposite of rib stitch)
This stitch looks the same on both sides and lies flat so can be used well with knit scarf patterns and blankets. It doesn't have the stretch of the rib stitches though.